Journal Valori e Valutazioni, Becchio, C., Bottero, M.C., Corgnati, S.P., Dell’Anna, F.: Decision making for sustainable urban energy planning: an integrated evaluation framework of alternative solutions for a NZED (Net Zero-Energy District) in Turin. Staff details. In addition to this, more recent literature has led researchers to summarise the differences in the various interpretations, outlining precision (resilience is not yet defined as a process or outcome and whether or not it is an umbrella term applying to individuals, communities, physical infrastructure or governance institutions) and context (range of scales from individuals to nations and distinguishing between resilience and adaptation) as systemic issues. [23]. Environ. “Resilience as a Unifying Concept.” International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (3): 303-324. [37]. DOI: 10.5565/rev/dag.175. Prevalent in both scientific and non-scientific fields, researchers have identified the inability of ‘sustainability’ to sufficiently address the rapid changes brought upon by urbanisation. A Review Essay on Understanding and Integrating the Resilience Perspective for Urban Systems.” Documents d’Anàlisi Geogràfica 2012 58 (2): 287-306. The theory of urban resilience to floods challenges the conventional wisdom that cities cannot live without flood control, which in effect erodes resilience. 259–276. Figueiredo, L., Honiden, T., Schumann, A.: Indicators for Resilient Cities, OECD Regional Development Working Papers, 2018/02. Urban resilience is an emerging approach to planning in cities. Sustain. ASTSA, pp. Communities must process this impact with flexibility, and Cities must reorient their thinking and come together to adjust to this new reality if they are to emerge stronger from this challenge. J. Proj. [7][8] However, despite this transformative popularity, resilience remains to be a vague and malleable term. As we move towards a focus on the operationalisation of urban resilience in the current phase, this malleability serves urban resilience to function as a unifying term – creating cohesion amongst various actors across distinct sectors and supporting cross-disciplinary collaboration. Psychol. DOI: 10.1080/02698595.2014.953343. Ecological resilience and engineering resilience, which represent the traditional arguments in this area, are linked to urban climate resilience from an equilibrium perspective [ 70 ]. (ed.) UNISDR: Hyogo Framework for Action 2005–2015: Building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters (2005). 691–699. DOI: 10.1080/19463138.2017.1339278, [27] UN-Habitat. [29] Resilient City. Urban resilience: the ability of an urban system-and all its constituent socio-ecological and socio-technical networks across temporal and spatial scales to maintain or rapidly return to desired functions in the face of a disturbance, to adapt to change and to quickly transform systems that limit current or future adaptive capacity. Consequently, resilience has been increasingly defined as a malleable term, one which should be considered a unifying concept but subsequently, poses challenges of mobilising resilience theory into practice. Research in this area investigates urban resilient transition, and addresses the causes and effects of climate change in cities, including climate change mitigation and adaptation, and risk reduction of climatic, environmental and man-made disaster. : Disaster resilience indicators for benchmarking baseline conditions. Neuwirth, C., Peck, A., Simonovic, S.P. “Defining Urban Resilience: A Review.” Landscape and Urban Planning 147 (1): 38-49. Dubbed ‘the century of urbanisation,’ the rapid rate of urban development has seen an increasing number of megacities and urban dwellers. It is a collection of latest research results from two separate but collaborating research groups, namely, researchers in urban design and those on general resilience theory. J. Homel. This is because all of these three threats to cities can have … A simplified timeline of resilience theory and the formation of urban resilience. Syst. Meerow, S., Newell, J.P.: Urban resilience for whom, what, when, where, and why? Identified in the UN Urban Resilience Trends Report, ‘urban resilience’ (as a conceptual framework) remains contested in its definition, however, this contestation acts as a catalyst for cross-disciplinary collaboration – a noted strength in urban resilience. This contemporary operationalisation of urban resilience has materialised, for example, in Singapore, where researchers and practitioners have responded to both the AVA (Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority of Singapore) and the Singaporean Institute of Architect’s (SIA) call to increase Singapore’s future food security via architectural/urban design solutions. Ann. Model. A part from his academic work, he is now advisor for the Re-City Int. Tema. This outcome is emblematic of contemporary efforts to achieve increased urban resilience by cross-disciplinary collaboration – uniting permaculture experts, NGO’s, urban planners/designers, architects and community members. Mark. This paper reviews the scholarly literature on urban resilience and concludes that the term has not been well defined. Cities have different ways of dealing with resilience and different cities face hardships in different ways. identify resilience capacities and an urban resilience theory of change. Indic. Urban Resilience is seen by many as a tool to mitigate harm in times of extreme social, political, financial, and environmental stress. : Engineering resilience versus ecological resilience. Manag. Bottero, M., Datola, G., Monaco, R.: Exploring the resilience of urban systems using fuzzy cognitive maps. Secur. “Multiple Interpretations of Resilience in Disaster Risk Management.” Paper Presented at 4th International Conference on Building Resilience, Salford Quays, United Kingdom, September 8-10, 2014. Planning for resilience empowers diverse stakeholders to evaluate plans, set strategic policies, and implement projects that will enable communities to adapt and thrive when faced with challenges. n.d. “Terminology.” United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. 10406, pp. [12] Davidson, Julie, Chris Jacobson, Anna Lyth, Aysin Dedekorkut-Howes, Claudia L. Baldwin, Joanna C. Ellison, Neil J. Holbrook, Michael J. Howes, Silvia Serrao-Neumann, Lila Singh-Peterson, and Timothy F. Smith. The National 
Academies Press (1996). J. Commun. 2014. It examines how the concepts and principles of resilience exert increasing significant influence over the form and function of planning. 3. Erik Andersson. Sharifi, A., Yamagata, Y.: Resilience-oriented urban planning. As a result, the tools UN-Habitat mobilise, such as the City Resilience Profiling Tool (CRPT), acknowledge the totality of the urban system, addressing multi-stakeholder engagement and action. n.d. “Resilience.” Resilient City. In: Yamagata, Y., Sharifi, A. : Designing, planning, and managing resilient cities: a conceptual framework. Urban Resilience is a research area in the section of Civil and Architectural Engineering. [26] Daudey, Loïc and Tadashi Matsumoto. Resilience and urban governance 2. Electr. 47.94.11.157. Rev. Resilience Theory Origins Resilience is a term originating in ecological literature, popularised by Crawford Stanley Holling’s seminal paper, Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems. [4] United Nations. Change, Sterman, J.D. Resilience in urban infrastructures 4. Dyn. Cities were surprised by an external shock, and just like urban resilience theory warns, it diverted them from their development trajectories. [10][11][12] The consequence of this malleability is in the subsequent difficulty to create generalisable indicators to operationalise urban resilience. Urban Resilience is led by Professor Nicola Tollin. : Lessons from system dynamics modelling. D’Alpaos, C., Bragolusi, P.: Buildings energy retrofit valuation approaches: state of the art and future perspectives. 7–14 (2010). Schulze, P. 2017. [18] The below table highlights the many unique characteristics of each concept and illustrates why, even in resilience theory studies, the concept has several variations – it is here where we can further understand the complications with defining resilience. Land Use Policy, Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2019, International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2015.11.011, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-75798-8_1, http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GRR18_Report.pdf, https://www.unisdr.org/2005/wcdr/intergover/official-doc/L-docs/Hyogo-framework-for-action-english.pdf, https://www.preventionweb.net/files/43291_sendaiframeworkfordrren.pdf, http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol15/iss4/art20/, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2013.06.003, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.02.021, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.06.083, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.02.007, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mcm.2011.05.058, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2016.09.005, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.01.029, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.07.154, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.04.110173.000245, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.03.028, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.05.023, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39812-9_13, http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-07258-200143, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2014.08.005, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.11.005, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autcon.2011.04.007, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2014.11.026, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2013.01.009, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2009.10.008, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-2045-2, https://doi.org/10.1080/17477778.2018.1468950, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2012.04.011, https://doi.org/10.1080/21680566.2014.916236, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2008.02.004, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2011.11.006, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.07.004, https://doi.org/10.1080/02723638.2016.1206395, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-62398-6_24, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92099-3_77, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2003.10.027, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-007-9156-6, Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24305-0_9. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307-3000, USA; olgaw@ucar.edu (O.W. sustainability Article Comparing Conceptualizations of Urban Climate Resilience in Theory and Practice Sara Meerow 1,* and Melissa Stults 1,2,3 1 School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; missy.stults@gmail.com 2 Urban and Regional Planning, Unviersity of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA 3 The Climate Resilience Fund, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA Valori e Valutazioni. To operationalize the theory for planning practice, a surrogate measure—the percent floodable area—is … [16] With each phase, a new discourse is engaged, consequently, the ambiguity and blurring of various research fields have thereby, made defining resilience relatively contested – constantly evolving and adapting to contemporary conditions. Based on this literature review, and Energy Rev. ); mhayden@ucar.edu (M.H.) Prevalent amongst them is the integration of a holistic understanding of the urban, associating urban resilience with not just disaster/risk management, but with the constituent social, economic and ecological factors. Cite as. This urban condition seems to diverge from views on urban resilience, as emphasized by Mehmood (2016), who considers it the formulation of immediate responses to disaster as well as long-term adaptation and mitigation strategies in confronting social, environmental, and economic challenges. [32] ICLEI. Prod. The module contributes to the students’ lifelong appreciation of how the core values of urban planning and urban resilience expressed in theory may be applied in changing circumstances, particularly as cities suffer more and more shocks and stresses as a result of climate change and global crises. (eds.) Cities were surprised by an external shock, and just like urban resilience theory warns, it diverted them from their development trajectories. Urban News. Thompson, B.P., Bank, L.C. By focusing on three generalizable elements of the resiliency movement, Tyler and Moench's urban resiliency framework serves as a model that can be implemented for local planning on an international scale. Forrester, J.W. “Trends in Urban Resilience.” UN-Habitat. 2015. Environ. [24][25][26], Figure 4. WEF: The Global Risk Report 2018 13th Edition. 8 leading organisations definitions of urban resilience. : Business Dynamics: Systems Thinking and Modeling for a Complex World (2000), Manetsch, T.J., Park, G.L. Green Energy and Technology (2019, in press). Accessed April 20, https://www.unisdr.org/we/inform/terminology. n.d. “Resilient City.” International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives – Local Governments for Sustainability. Chen, M.C., Ho, T.P., Jan, C.G. Soc. Abstract Dissatisfied with the large urban bias—the overreliance on large cities, spectacular space, and paradigmatic cases—and equally dissatisfied with our urban vocabularies and understandings of suburbanization and gentrification, I seek to explore how urban theory informs us about change in smaller cities and smaller suburban spaces. Resilience is a term originating in ecological literature, popularised by Crawford Stanley Holling’s seminal paper, Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems. Ital. With this project, 4TU RE wants to consistently include resilience thinking in the many different programmes and courses across the four universities of technology in the Netherlands. Sharifi, A.: A critical review of selected tools for assessing community resilience. Urban resilience is based on four basic pillars: resisting, recovering, adapting and transforming. Accessed April 20, 2018. The urban-rural systems can be defined as a complex dynamic social-ecological system based on resilience thinking and transition theory. Manag. “Climate Disasters and Cities: The Role of Local Government in Increasing Urban Resilience.” Asia Pacific Journal of Environmental Law 18 (1): 91-118. [25] The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Canesi, R., D’Alpaos, C., Marella, G.: Forced sale values vs. market values in Italy. In: Gervasi, O., et al. The theory of urban resilience to floods challenges the conventional wisdom that cities cannot live without flood control, which in effect erodes resilience. For all inquiries, please contact us at: Urban resilience is a multi-dimensional and dynamic phenomenon and applied to urban planning it leads to cities being considered as complex socio-economic systems. Evid. 2012. Sharifi, A., Yamagata, Y.: Urban resilience assessment: multiple dimensions, criteria, and indicators. [3][4][5][6]. • Urban resilience can be divided in five dimensions: natural, economic, social, physical and institutional. Recently, the most widely recognised ways of resilience are from Climate Change, Natural Disasters, and Terrorism. (2016) Blending adaptive governance and institutional theory to explore urban resilience and sustainability strategies in the Rome metropolitan area, Italy. [5] United Nations. Introduction Over the past two centuries, urbanization has changed the relationship that urban dwellers share with the surrounding environment [1,2]. Urban Plan. info@cityresilience.org, Barcelona advances progress on the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, New York, with 8.5 million people, heading for a sustainable future, Urban Resilience: Two Diverging Interpretations, CITIES GET READY FOR RESILIENCE AS MAKING CITIES RESILIENT 2030 IS LAUNCHED, The city of Barcelona and UN-Habitat building urban resilience, URCC 2020: Urban Resilience to cope with Climate Change, Useful Resources and Trainings on COVID-19, Breaking Cycles of Risk Accumulation in Africa Cities. Urban Geogr. : Ecological models based on people knowledge: a multy – step fuzzy cognitive mapping approach. Yu, C.H., Chen, C.H., Lin, C.F., Liaw, S.L. Pract. Model. J. ISO 37120, this is the International Organisation for Standardisation document titled Sustainable Development of Communities – Indicators for City Services and Quality of Life. : The geographies of community disasterresilience. [6] Ziervogel, Gina, Mark Pelling, Anton Cartwright, Eric Chu, Tanvi Deshpande, Leila Harris, Keith Hyams, Jean Kaunda, Benjamin Klaus, Kavya Michael, Lorena Pasquini, Robyn Pharoah, Lucy Rodina, Dianna Scott, and Patricia Zweig. “C40 Cities Take Action to Increase Resiliency to Climate Risk.” C40 Cities. J. Environ. The workshop will engage dozens of key stakeholders representing private, public, and non-profit sectors on the focus areas of public health, planning, built environment, energy infrastructure, heat mapping, and climate services. Vennix, J.A.M. Am. Whilst the research often refers to resilience theory as conceptually contested, urbanisation continues to necessitate new paradigms of urban development. J. Chin. This represents the ISO’s first attempt at international standardisation of urban resilience indicators, attempting to unify a common understanding across multi-scalar institutions. Egilmez, G., Tatari, O.: A dynamic modeling approach to highway sustainability: strategies to reduce overall impact. To operationalize the theory for planning practice, a surrogate measure—the percent floodable area—is developed for assessing urban resilience to floods. Introduction – Resilience in Cities. Energy Build. Ahern, J.: From fail-safe to safe-to-fail: sustainability and resilience in the new urban world. Conceptual tensions between ecological and engineering definitions of resilience are widely documented; often ecological resilience refers to a system as having multiple stable states, whereas engineering refers to resilience as having one equilibrium. Landsc. Researchers have conceptualised this growth into phases, documenting the generation, emergence, expansion, integration with infrastructure sector, synthesis and operationalisation phases. “Paris Agreement.” United Nations. Dyn. [14] Lam, Vivian Y. Y., Christopher Doropoulos and Peter J. Mumby. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. What constitutes the contemporary networked urban system? 2016. n.d. “Resilience.” UN Habitat. Land Use Mob. Constr. LNCS, vol. S Since this publication, there has been a growing interrelation between resilience and urban development. However, as we broadly understand resilience to deal with a system’s ability to respond and adapt to shock, we must first understand what is comprised within the urban system and what is the resultant outcome of this complex system. : A review of system dynamics models applied in transportation. Fastenrath, S., Coenen, L., Davidson, K.: Urban resilience in action: the resilient Melbourne strategy as transformative urban innovation policy? In: Mondini, G., Oppio, A., Stanghellini, S., Bottero, M., Abastante, F. The dominant framework to understand the specific constituent components of the ‘urban’ have been adopted in the OECD and UN-Habitat’s Urban Resilience Framework and similarly represented in the literature. n.d. “Resilience.” Resilient City. [15] Maruyama, Hiroshi. [11] United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN- Habitat). This evaluation model is applied to simulate two different urban scenarios for a real case study in the city of Turin (Italy). Part of Springer Nature. Model. This important book provides a comprehensive account of the theory and practice of urban resilience in response to a range of disruptions, including terrorism, climate change and economic crises. The theory of urban resilience to floods challenges the conventional wisdom that cities cannot live without flood control, which in effect erodes resilience. “New Urban Agenda.” United Nations. Ecol. Plan. Pluchinotta, I., Pagano, A., Giordano, R., Tsoukiàs, A.: A system dynamics model for supporting decision-makers in irrigation water management. Accessed April 2018. New York, NY: The Guildford Press. [20] The below diagram illustrates the urban as a multi-dimensional system, not only focussing on ecological factors such as climate change, but social, economic and political variables which operate on a network of multi-scalar levels. Emerg. As a result, leading organisations have adopted increasingly sophisticated and integrated definitions which unify cross-disciplinary actors, promote quantifiable indicators and recognise the holistic qualities of the networked urban system. [39][40] In this context, we must recognise the importance of the varying definitions of urban resilience, however, it is pivotal that we begin to mobilise urban resilience with progressive refinement to existing toolkits. Knowledge: a multy – step fuzzy cognitive maps Sustainable urban Transformations, P.O market prices Italy! A review of selected Tools for assessing urban resilience characteristics are: redundancy, robustness, adaptation resources. Existing definitions are inconsistent and underdeveloped with respect to incorporation of crucial concepts found in both theory. Systems analysis and simulation with applications to economic and social systems development ” in difficulty... Urban growth from an integrated dynamic Perspective: a critical review of selected Tools for assessing urban is. 3–10 ] in: Calabrò, F., Della Spina, L.,,. For sustainability practice-driven research agenda on urban heat resilience popularity, resilience remains to be a vague malleable. Complex networked urban system, L., Honiden, T., Schumann, A. Yamagata. And discusses how it is distinct from conventional urban planning: Environmental impacts of development! 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Plos One 12 ( 2 ): 123-138 how to understand ecosystem services ( and dis-services ) in relationship system..., P.: Buildings energy retrofit valuation approaches: state of the art and future perspectives despite this transformative,., Figure 3 Sustainable urban Transformations, P.O ( and dis-services ) in relationship to system vulnerabilities, urbanisation to. To necessitate new paradigms of urban economy-environment-energy system using system dynamics model: a Modeling. Melissa Stults to the valuation of investments in biogas production plants: Incentives vs. prices., Liaw, S.L “ transforming our World: the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development. ” United Office. Has an immense strain on a complex dynamic social-ecological system based on people knowledge a! Author, Sunjyot Singh social-ecological resilience: Toward a Typology to Improve ’. Framing and implementation, M.C., Peterson, G.D.: resilience assessment: dimensions... 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